Metronidazole is an antibiotic, chiefly used to treat a number of bacterial and parasitic infections. As a highly versatile drug in veterinary medicine, Metronidazole treats all kinds of animal species, including dogs, cats and horses. The medication is known for rapid absorption and compatibility with many other antibiotics.
Veterinary Compounding for Metronidazole
Metronidazole has an extremely unpleasant taste, which can prove difficult when the time comes to administer medication. As a result, qualified veterinary compounding pharmacies are pivotal in the development of several different forms, strengths and flavors of the drug, thus easing the process of administering treatment.
Metronidazole for the Feline and Canine Species
Metronidazole is used in veterinary medicine to treat a variety of anaerobic bacterial infections and parasitic diseases in dogs and cats, such as Trichomonas, Giardia, Balatidium. It can also be prescribed for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, gum disease, diarrhea, tetanus and symptoms associated with liver disease, among many other conditions.
Horses and Veterinary Medicine
Many professionals in veterinary medicine treat horses with Metronidazole in correlation with other antibiotics. In such cases, Metronidazole attacks the anaerobic bacteria. Examples of such illnesses include Peritonitis and Pleuropneumonia.
Horses most commonly receive oral administration of Metronidazole. However, the drug may be administered rectally for cases concerning weight loss or anorexia.
Metronidazole — Potential Side Effects in Veterinary Medicine
Stomach upset and other gastrointestinal disturbances are a common side effect of Metronidazole therapy. Cats and dogs may also experience vomiting, nausea, salivating and a decrease in appetite, among other reactions. Infrequent reactions may include dark colored urine, liver problems, fatigue and a decrease in white blood cells.
Given the versatility of Metronidazole, the designated animal health care provider will need to customize the form, dosage and frequency of treatment for the individual needs of each patient. Metronidazole is not typically prescribed for kittens and puppies, as well as for animals in early pregnancy and those with compromised liver or kidney function.