Carboplatin is a platinum-containing chemotherapy drug used by veterinarians to treat certain cancers in dogs and cats. Its primary use in veterinary medicine is for the treatment of osteosarcoma, or cancer of the bones, in dogs.
Other Uses for Carboplatin in Veterinary Medicine
Carboplatin is also a frequently prescribed chemotherapy agent for the treatment of melanoma, ovarian carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and feline vaccine-associated sarcomas, and transitional cell carcinoma.
Like most cancer-fighting medications, Carboplatin is usually administered along with other medications to increase its cancer-fighting properties.
Special Considerations for Carboplatin
Carboplatin is only available with a prescription from a licensed veterinarian and should only be administered in a hospital setting. In addition, veterinarian and staff are required to wear gloves at all times while handling Carboplatin.
How Is Carboplatin Supplied?
Carboplatin is only available in an injectable formulation, administered intravenously. The dose is determined by the treating veterinarian according to a variety of criteria that includes the type of cancer being treated, and the weight of the patient.
Possible Side Effects of Carboplatin
Carboplatin is a very strong drug, and while it is considered to be safe and effective when administered by a veterinarian, there is still a possibility for side effects. In fact, most animals will vomit immediately after the medication is administered.
In some cases, Carboplatin can cause seizures, diarrhea, hearing loss, and loss of appetite. In severe cases, the drug can increase the chances of kidney damage, liver damage, and bone marrow dysfunction, but this is common with all chemotherapy agents.
Carboplatin Precautions and Drug Interactions
Carboplatin should not be prescribed to an animal with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug. It should also not be administered to animals with active infections, kidney or liver disease, or hearing impairment.
Since Carboplatin is such a strong drug, it may cause an interaction with other drugs that your pet may be taking. It may also interact with certain vaccinations. In order to reduce the risk of drug-related complications, always provide your veterinarian with a complete list of your pet’s medications.
Author: Giano Panzarella