Enrofloxacin is a broad spectrum antibiotic used in veterinary medicine to treat animals afflicted with certain bacterial infections. This drug belongs to a class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones and is not effective against infections caused by viruses, fungi or parasites.
Treating Infections With Enrofloxacin
Enrofloxacin works by inhibiting the process of DNA synthesis within the bacterial cells, which results in cell death. This drug is commonly used to treat a range of bacterial infections, including those of the skin, urinary tract and respiratory system, as well as infections that result from wounds.
Enrofloxacin is available under the brand name Baytril®, in addition to a variety of generic formulations that can be compounded by a qualified veterinary pharmacy. Formulations include oral tablet, capsule, suspension, transdermal gel, topical cream or ointment, otic solution or injectable solution. Enrofloxacin is only available with a prescription.
Enrofloxacin is generally safe and effective for use in veterinary medicine. However, it should not be administered to puppies aged 28 weeks or younger. It should be used with caution in veterinary patients prone to seizures. Doses may also need to be adjusted for patients with severe kidney or liver impairment. This medication should not be administered to an animal with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to it or other medications in the same class (marbofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, etc).
Enrofloxacin Interactions and Possible Side Effects
Enrofloxacin may interact with one or more medications. Common culprits include iron supplements, antacids and stomach protectants. When given to animals, avoid giving with dairy products (such as cheese, cream cheese, or yogurt) because the calcium can bind to the drug, limiting its effectiveness. Disclosing the existing drug regimen of your pet is essential in order to prevent a possible drug interaction. This medication may cause some animal patients to experience certain side effects, generally diarrhea or loose stools. On very rare occasions, an animal may experience a seizure, while younger animals may experience swollen joints, general lethargy and in some cases, cartilage damage when dosed above the recommended range and below the recommended age.
Author: Giano Panzarella