Iron-Deficiency Anemia Occurs in Dogs Where Blood Loss Is an Issue

Ferrous Sulfate is an oral iron supplement used in veterinary medicine primarily for the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in dogs. Ferrous Sulfate is administered orally.

What Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia?

Iron-deficiency anemia most commonly occurs in adult dogs that have sustained a tremendous amount of blood loss. Since only trace amounts of iron are lost through the body’s natural processes, including hair and nail growth, the normal diet of an animal is typically sufficient enough to maintain iron homeostasis.

However, when the animal suffers a trauma and a large quantity of blood is lost, the body cannot quickly replace the iron that was lost and so supplementation is required.

Possible Side Effects of Ferrous Sulfate

Ferrous Sulfate is safe and effective when administered under the guidance of a veterinarian, but some patients may be more sensitive to the drug than others. The most common potential side effects of Ferrous Sulfate include mild stomach upset and occasional constipation.

Ferrous Sulfate Precautions and Possible Drug Interactions

Ferrous Sulfate should be avoided in any animal with hypersensitivity issues or an outright allergy to one of the components of this medication. It should also be avoided in patients suffering from GI ulcerative disease, as this medication can be mildly irritating to the gastrointestinal system.

Patients with hemosiderosis, hemolytic anemia, or hemochromatosis should also not be prescribed Ferrous Sulfate.

Ferrous Sulfate may interact with other medications the patient may be taking, such as tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, penicillamine, and antacids. It is important to discuss the animal’s drug regimen with the treating veterinarian in order to reduce the risk of a potential interaction.

It should also be noted that eggs, milk and other dairy products can reduce the bioavailability of Ferrous Sulfate, so the medication should be given far apart from these food products.

Author: Giano Panzarella