Treat Feline Infections With Antibiotics
A cat that is diagnosed with an infection is typically treated using a class of drugs called antibiotics. However, which antibiotic the veterinarian uses will depend on several factors, such as the type of infection, the severity of the illness, the age and health of the cat, and other factors.
Bacterial infections are the most common use for antibiotics, but they can also be used to treat certain types of fungal and parasitic infections, as well.
Two Types of Antibiotics
There are two types of antibiotics, bacteriostatic and bactericidal. The bacteriostatic type works by preventing the bacteria from reproducing. The bactericidal type works by killing the bacteria off. They are available in oral tablet, liquid, and injectable formulations.
Bacteriostatic drugs include sulfonamides, macrolides, tetracyclines, and lincosamides. Bactericidal drugs include penicillin derivatives, cephalosporins, nitroimidazoles, quinolones, and glycopeptides.
The Most Commonly Prescribed Antibiotics for Cats
There are a few antibiotics that veterinarians rely on to treat most routine infections found in cats. These include:
Amoxicillin and clavulanate: Amoxicillin/clavulanate has a penicillin-based antibiotic and beta-lactamase inhibitor, and together they are used to treat a wide range of infections in cats, including blood infections, pneumonia, skin infections, bladder infections, oral infections, and bone infections.
Gentamicin: Gentamicin is a bacteriostatic antibiotic that prevents bacteria from making protein, and this eventually kills off the bacteria. It is most commonly prescribed for respiratory infections, but it can also be used to treat eye and ear infections, pneumonia, bladder infections, and skin and wound infections.
Azithromycin: Azithromycin is a bacteriostatic drug that also works by preventing the bacteria from producing protein, thus stopping its growth. It is most commonly used to treat cats with Lyme disease, Staphylococcus aureus infections, Streptococci infections, bartonella, chlamydia, and middle ear infections.
Enrofloxacin: Enrofloxacin is used to treat certain types of bacterial infections, but it is ineffective against infections caused by viruses, parasites, or fungi. The most common uses for it include the treatment for infections in the urinary tract, upper respiratory system, the skin, and wounds.
Oxytetracycline: Oxytetracycline is used to prevent the growth of bacteria in cases of oral infections, sinus infections, eye infections, and protozoan infections. It is also a commonly prescribed drug for hemobartonella, which is also known as feline infectious anemia.
Potential Side Effects of Using Antibiotics in Cats
Antibiotics typically produce some side effects in cats because they not only disrupt the harmful bacteria in the cat’s body, but also the good bacteria. As a result, vomiting and diarrhea are the most common side effects displayed. Many veterinarians recommend feeding your cat yogurt or probiotics when she is on antibiotic treatments to help replace the good bacteria.
Other, more serious side effects can include allergic reactions, seizures, abnormal growths, secondary infections, and in some cases, toxicity.
Need Antibiotics for Your Cat? Get Them From Diamondback Drugs for Less
If your cat is diagnosed with an infection and your veterinarian prescribes antibiotics to help treat it, then you can get your cat’s medications filled for less and in easy-to-administer treat-like formulations from Diamondback Drugs.
Get a free quote for your cat’s antibiotic today and see how much you can save with Diamondback Drugs. We can custom-formulate your cat’s antibiotic into tasty, dose-specific treats that she’ll love taking. Try Diamondback Drugs today!
Author: Giano Panzarella